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Lithium Battery VS Lithium-Ion Battery: Which Is Better?

Nov. 27, 2020

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Batteries are an incredible resource today. They power mobile phones, wireless automatic vacuum cleaners, and all different types of cameras. Batteries have many different uses and can be used for many different purposes, but we hear more than lithium batteries and lithium ion batteries. You may have to make a decision about these two different battery types in the past, but do you really know what they are?

In order to make the most of batteries, it is best to learn about lithium and lithium-ion batteries of various shapes and sizes, such as 95Wh batteries and 190Wh batteries. We will explain everything you need to know about lithium batteries and their lithium-ion cousins, including their working principles, materials, and even methods of recycling old batteries. Then, we will list the important differences between lithium batteries and lithium ion batteries so that you can wisely decide which battery to use.

What is a battery?

To understand the similarities and differences between lithium batteries and lithium-ion batteries, you need to have a basic understanding of the composition of the battery and how it works. All batteries are made up of the same three basic components; anode (negative-side), cathode (positive+side) and some kind of electrolyte. When the cathode and anode of the battery are connected to the circuit, a chemical reaction occurs between the anode and the electrolyte.

The electrons flow from the anode through the circuit, then from the cathode back and trigger another chemical reaction. These reactions continue until the material is consumed, at which time the battery no longer produces electricity. Both lithium batteries and lithium-ion batteries generate portable electrical energy in this way and can be used to power a variety of different devices and circuits. The battery is a very useful component. It allows us to use all kinds of luxury goods. Without them, we would have to start the car manually, and the mobile phone would still be all hung on the wall.

What is a lithium battery?

Lithium batteries are primary batteries, which means they cannot be charged once they are exhausted. They use metallic lithium as the anode. Lithium batteries have a higher charge density, which means they have a longer service life than other batteries and can hold more power. Depending on its design, a lithium battery can generate a voltage of 1.5 to 3.7 V. The metals used in lithium batteries are highly reactive, and pure lithium will immediately react with water or even moisture in the air.

Lithium batteries are used in many electronic devices, from electric toy cars to large vehicles. Although their high power capacity makes them very useful, the fact that they cannot be charged easily or even safely means that many companies are starting to look for alternative products. The disposable batteries that many of us have at home are not very good for the environment, which is why many people and companies decide to use lithium-ion batteries.

What is a lithium ion battery?

Lithium-ion batteries are secondary batteries, which means they can be charged and reused. These batteries are very popular today. Without them, our daily lives would be very different. Your laptop, mobile phone, tablet, and camera all rely on lithium-ion batteries to keep them working because these rechargeable batteries are very effective. The electrodes of lithium-ion batteries are made of lithium and carbon, making them much lighter than other rechargeable batteries.

Lithium-ion batteries are also excellent in maintaining power, and only about 5% of their power is lost when they are not used every month. Another advantage of lithium-ion batteries is that they have no memory effect. Ever remember someone told you that you need to fully discharge the battery before inserting it to charge it? Not suitable for lithium ion batteries. These excellent rechargeable batteries can handle hundreds of charging and emptying before they deteriorate.

Lithium-ion batteries are inherently very complex, not as simple as ordinary old lithium batteries. Among lithium-ion batteries, you will find multiple lithium-ion batteries that store and provide electrical energy. However, lithium-ion batteries also have other components. A small computer in the battery can monitor and adjust the temperature, voltage, and battery charging status from inside the device. This compact system is essential to keep the battery working properly, and it also causes these rechargeable batteries to suffer 5% power loss every month.

What is the difference between lithium batteries and lithium ion batteries?

The biggest difference between lithium batteries and lithium ion batteries is that lithium batteries have a single-cell structure, which means they are disposable and cannot be charged once they are used up. On the other hand, lithium-ion batteries can be used again and again, they are rechargeable, and can be charged and emptied hundreds of times.

If they sit on idle shelves, the life of lithium batteries will actually be longer. Lithium batteries can be used for 10 to 12 years when kept charged, while lithium ion batteries can only be used for 2 to 3 years. You may not know that these two batteries are actually not the only types of lithium batteries you can get.

Although lithium-ion batteries seem to be better, especially from a waste point of view, there are still some characteristics that make lithium batteries very useful. They have a higher energy density than lithium-ion batteries, which means they have more charge than their size. Lithium batteries can provide electricity with a single charge, even if this is their only charge. Unfortunately, there is no safe or effective way to charge lithium batteries, which is why lithium-ion batteries were invented in the first place. In addition, lithium batteries are cheaper and easier to manufacture, which means lower purchase costs.

Lithium battery and lithium ion battery: which is better?

Batteries have many different uses, because anything that requires a portable power source needs them. The better battery type depends entirely on your use, which is why both batteries are still produced and used worldwide today. Modern life relies heavily on portable power batteries, which are essential for our personal electronics, automobiles and transportation and even our medical care.

For devices that must extend battery life, lithium batteries are a better choice. Examples include watches, film cameras, pacemakers, hearing aids, remote controls, calculators and smoke detectors. All of these items require a long-lasting power source, and do not need to be plugged into the mains all the time, so lithium batteries are an ideal choice.

The more favorable conditions of lithium-ion batteries require frequent charging for ease of use. The lithium-ion battery in a mobile phone can usually be used for about a day, but you can charge it every day for many years without losing too much functionality. Devices such as notebook computers, digital cameras, solar storage devices, portable power packs, and any kind of wireless technology rely on rechargeable lithium-ion batteries to function. Because of their frequent use, they need the ability to charge without replacing parts.

Do not expose both types of batteries to high temperatures, as this may cause permanent damage or even danger. Store the battery in a cool and dry place at normal room temperature.

Better battery, better world

Lithium batteries and China Li-ion batteries are both very useful and have made great contributions to most people's daily lives. From life-saving medical technology to remote control toy cars, their applications are endless. It is hard to imagine the modern world without them. Both types of batteries provide a portable power source, and they provide charge to compatible circuits no matter where you are.

The difference between lithium batteries and lithium ion batteries is that one battery cannot be charged (primary battery) while the other can be charged (secondary battery). In addition, the shelf life of lithium batteries is four times that of lithium-ion batteries, and they are cheaper and easier to manufacture. Before the emergence of some new power technologies, lithium-ion batteries will always be the best choice for the electronic products we use every day. This applies to your mobile phone, digital camera, and even electric toothbrushes.

On the contrary, it is best to use lithium batteries to power the items we use to maintain power for a long time. Regardless of safety features such as medical pacemakers or smoke alarms, lithium batteries are the first choice because of their longer service life. And, although we want to point out that this situation is very rare, it is well known that lithium-ion batteries can catch fire and explode, but fortunately, lithium-ion batteries do not have this function.

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